Different Specializations in Dentistry

Dentistry is a field that many people do not think about until they or someone close to them needs it. There are many different specializations in dentistry, and it pays to learn about them to know which one to seek for your needs. You may be familiar with Philadelphia general dentistry, as general dentists are the ones that you see for regular checkups and teeth cleanings. But if you have a more serious problem, you may need to see a dentist that specializes in your particular area of concern.


Endodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the dental pulp. The dental pulp is the soft tissue that lies at the center of the tooth and contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. Common procedures include root canal therapy, which is used to remove diseased or damaged pulp tissue, and pulpotomy, which is used to remove a portion of the pulp. Root canals are an essential part of endodontic care and are often the last resort when other treatments have failed.


Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Common procedures include scaling and root planing, which are used to remove plaque and tartar from the teeth and gums, and flap surgery, which is used to access hard-to-reach areas for cleaning. Periodontists also work closely with dental implants, which are used to replace missing teeth.

Oral Surgery

Oral surgery is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the mouth, jaws, and face. Common procedures include wisdom tooth extraction, which is used to remove impacted or decayed teeth, and corrective jaw surgery, which is used to realign the jaws. Oral surgeons also place dental implants and perform complex procedures such as bone grafting.


Orthodontics deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the teeth and jaws. Orthodontists perform various procedures including braces, which are used to straighten teeth, and retainers, which are used to keep teeth in alignment. In more severe cases, they can also perform jaw surgery.


Prosthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth. Prosthodontists use a variety of methods to restore the function and appearance of patients’ teeth, including dental implants, dentures, and crowns. In addition to replacing missing teeth, prosthodontists also treat conditions such as TMJ disorders and tooth wear. Prosthodontists receive extensive training in both the surgical and dental aspects of tooth replacement, and as a result, they are uniquely qualified to provide comprehensive care for patients who have lost one or more teeth. Whether your goal is to restore your smile or improve your bite, a prosthodontist can help you achieve it.

Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologist

An oral and maxillofacial radiologist is a dentist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to the head and neck. Oral and maxillofacial radiologists use a variety of imaging modalities, including x-rays, CT scans, and MRI, to evaluate patients with suspected head and neck pathology. In addition to diagnostic imaging, oral and maxillofacial radiologists also perform various interventional procedures, such as biopsies and needle aspirations. As experts in the field of head and neck imaging, oral and maxillofacial radiologists play a vital role in the diagnosis and management of many common disorders, such as dental caries, TMJ dysfunction, and cancer.

Pediatric Dentistry

Pediatric dentistry is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the oral health of infants, children, and adolescents. The American Dental Association recognizes pediatric dentistry as a separate specialty, and there are currently more than 9,000 practicing pediatric dentists in the United States. Pediatric dentists undergo additional training after dental school to learn how to care for the unique needs of young patients. They are experts in child development and behavior management, and they use this knowledge to create a positive dental experience for their patients. In addition to providing preventive care, such as regular cleanings and fluoride treatments, pediatric dentists also offer a wide range of restorative services, such as fillings, sealants, and pulpotomies. They also provide guidance on how to care for baby teeth and how to transition to adult dentition.